Medical

Medical

How to Clean Your Dog's Ears

Ear cleaning is an important part of your dog’s regular wellness routine. While some dogs rarely need their ears cleaning, others rely on us to keep an eye on their ears and remove built-up debris and dirt to protect against ear infections. Learn more below about how to recognize when an ear needs cleaning, and the best method to use.

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Medical

Arthritis in Cats and Dogs

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common conditions of the joints that affects both dogs and cats. Up to a quarter of dogs may develop arthritis during their lifetime, and veterinarians believe it may be more prevalent in cats than previously thought. While the disease is most often found in senior pets, it can affect dogs and cats of all ages.

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How to Prepare Your Pet for Your Return to Work

Our pets have loved having us around nearly 24/7 as we’ve been working from home and adjusting to life amidst the coronavirus. While it’s great to spend time together, it’s also important to prepare for life after this new normal. There are steps you can take now to prepare your pet for your return to work, when they can’t be with you all the time.

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Managing Anxiety in Cats

Anxiety is a very real problem that can not only cause our cats severe emotional distress, but can also exacerbate or cause a number of medical problems, including urinary tract issues. Cats suffering from anxiety may also engage in unwanted behaviors, including urinating outside of the litter box. Read on to learn more about the causes and symptoms of anxiety, and the things you can do to help treat and manage your cat’s anxiety.

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Luxating Patellas in Cats and Dogs

Luxating patellas in dogs and cats are a common orthopedic condition that can cause lameness. Luxation occurs when the patella, or kneecap, slips in and out of the groove in the femur where it should normally reside. When this happens, you may notice changes to your pet’s gait, including lameness and signs of pain, however some cases can be asymptomatic. Depending on the grade of patella luxation and clinical symptoms, it is generally treatable with orthopedic surgery. Occasionally, a luxating patella can lead to other conditions, like torn cruciate ligaments, which is why it is important owners take the condition seriously and consult with their veterinarian.

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Hypothermia and Frostbite in Cats and Dogs

Winter might bring to mind pleasant thoughts of tossing snowballs to your dog in the yard or cuddling with your cat beside a roaring fire, but it also comes with dangers. Just like humans, dogs and cats are susceptible to colder temperatures. Hypothermia and frostbite can affect all pets who venture outdoors for too long in the cold.

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Everything You Need to Know About Worms in Cats

Discovering your cat has worms can be shocking and upsetting. Whether they’re external or internal, these parasites can wreak havoc on your cat’s health. But with proper diagnosis and treatment, worms in cats can be effectively treated and eliminated.

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How to Keep Dogs and Cats Safe when De-Icing

De-icing is a fact of life for many of us living in colder climates. It helps melt snow and ice on driveways, yards and sidewalks, keeping us safe from slips and falls – but it’s important to be aware of the dangers our pets face from many de-icing products. Read on to learn about the dangers of de-icing, safer alternatives and other ways you can protect your pets during wintertime.

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Ear Infections in Cats

Ear infections are a common feline condition, but can result in permanent complications if left untreated. They can have a variety of causes, and may affect the outer, middle, or inner ear. Regardless of cause, ear infections are typically a treatable condition. Identifying a possible ear infection quickly means you can treat it before it causes complications. Fortunately, the symptoms of an ear infection are generally easy to recognize.

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Everything You Need in Your Pet’s First Aid Kit

Emergencies can strike at any time, so it’s important to prepare a first aid kit for your pet that you can turn to in the event of a veterinary emergency or natural disaster. As these situations often arise without warning, having a kit with the necessary supplies can make all the difference and may even save your pet’s life.

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Winter Holiday Pet Hazards

The winter holidays are one of the best times of the year to get together and celebrate with family, including our furry family members. But amidst all the festivities, it may be easy to miss some of the hazards our pets face during the holidays. Here are some helpful tips to keep your pets safe over the next few weeks.

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Thanksgiving Food Your Pet Can and Can’t Eat

As you’re preparing your Thanksgiving feast, you may wonder what treats you can safely share with your pet. As the number of accidental poisonings soar over Thanksgiving and the holidays, with pets getting into delicacies intended for their humans, it’s important to know which tasty treats are safe and which to steer clear of.

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How to Cat-Proof Your Christmas Tree

For many of us, a Christmas tree will be at the center of celebrations this holiday season, but it’s important to make sure you decorate in a way that keeps your pets safe. Read on to learn why cats are attracted to Christmas trees, what the dangers are, and how to cat-proof your tree and keep your kitty safe over the holidays.

Medical

How to Tell if Your Dog Has Worms

Parasites are not just unpleasant: they can be downright dangerous for dogs. But one big problem with parasites is that it can be hard to tell if your dog is infested. The symptoms of worms in dogs can be similar to those caused by other conditions, which means you need to know what to look for. Read on to learn more about worms in dogs, and how to treat them.

Medical

Everything You Need to Know About Catnip

If you’re a cat owner, the chances are you’ve heard of catnip and its reputation for driving kitties crazy. But what actually is catnip? How does it work, and is it safe for your cat? Read on to find out everything you need to know about catnip.

Medical

How Pheromones Can Help Calm your Pet

Pheromones are natural chemicals released by animals (and people) that help members of the same species to communicate. Pheromone diffusers, sprays, and other products mimic these chemicals to help keep pets calm and relaxed.

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Managing Anxiety in Dogs

Anxiety is a very real, common emotion that dogs experience. While it’s difficult to see our furry friends exhibit distress, these feelings are normal responses to the triggers that cause them in the first place. Read on for common sources of anxiety in dogs, and different ways to manage those emotions.

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Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is a blanket term used to describe several conditions affecting the bladder and urethra of cats. There are a few different underlying causes of FLUTD, many of which exhibit similar symptoms, such as difficulty urinating and urinating outside the litter box.

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Leptospirosis in Dogs

Leptospirosis is a dangerous bacterial disease that affects dogs and other animals, including people. It can cause kidney and liver failure, and in severe cases it can be fatal. Luckily, there are things you can do to prevent leptospirosis – most importantly, vaccinating your dog. Understanding how this disease is spread and the preventative measures you can use can help keep your family safe.

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Managing Obesity in Cats and Dogs

Weight management can be a big problem for pets. Approximately 60% of cats and 55% of dogs in the United States are either overweight or obese. Not only can this impact your pet’s quality of life, making it harder for them to enjoy walks and playtime, but it can also lead to medical issues such as diabetes, pancreatitis and arthritis. Read on to learn more about the risk factors for obesity in pets, and how you can help your pet lose weight safely, if needed.

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Ear Hematoma in Dogs

A hematoma is a pool of blood that forms outside of blood vessels and is usually found under the skin. Commonly found in dogs, an ear hematoma, also referred to as an aural hematoma, is a blood-filled pocket on the inside of the ear flap. An ear hematoma is extremely painful for a dog, and the intense swelling can be alarming. If left untreated, a hematoma will heal on its own, but that can mean weeks of discomfort.

Medical

How to Give a Cat a Pill

Getting an unwilling cat to swallow a pill is a challenge many owners struggle with. Check out our video and step-by-step guide below on how to get your cat to accept medication – avoiding any claws, wriggling or spitting the pill back out!

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Catios & Cat Enclosures for Indoor Cats

A ‘catio’, also known as a cat patio or cat enclosure, is a great way to solve the indoor/outdoor dilemma that many cat owners experience. Catios provide important enrichment to indoor cats, allowing them to observe and experience the outdoors and all of its sights, smells and sounds, without some of the dangers associated with being an outdoor cat.

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Pet Insurance 101

When your pet gets suddenly sick or injured, pet insurance can be the difference between thousands of dollars in lifesaving treatments. The choices of pet insurance companies, policies, and add-ons can be overwhelming. It’s important to do your research and pick the best plan for you and your pet.

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Deaf Dogs 101

Deaf dogs are just like hearing dogs! Whether you have a deaf dog or you’re thinking about adopting one, deaf dogs make for great companions, as long as you give them the resources and tools they need to succeed.

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Corneal Ulcers in Dogs

A corneal ulcer, also referred to as ulcerative keratitis, is an inflammatory condition of the cornea, which is the clear surface on the outside of the eyeball. A healthy cornea is important for proper vision, so any damage to it should be taken care of immediately.

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Cat Pregnancy Facts

No matter how isolated your female cat is, if she has not been spayed, there is always a chance she could get pregnant. Whether she is around an unneutered male in your home or briefly encounters one outside (cats can easily slip outdoors by accident), even a single encounter can result in pregnancy. So how can you tell if your cat is pregnant? And if she is, what are the next steps to take?

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Euthanasia – What To Expect

The decision to say goodbye to your family member can be one of the most difficult you’ll have to make. We’re here to guide you through the process with compassion. Knowing what to expect can make the process a little easier.

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Diarrhea in Dogs

Diarrhea in dogs—commonly defined as loose, runny stool, although any stool that is not firm and fully formed can be referred to as diarrhea—has a wide range of possible causes. Some of the diseases or conditions that produce diarrhea are mild, while others are more serious.

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Pet Travel Certificates Explained

If you’re planning a trip and your furry friend is tagging along, there are a few steps you’ll need to take in preparation. Planning ahead is key. From traveling to a different state to jetting to another country, requirements will differ based on your destination.

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Sarcoptic Mange in Cats

Sarcoptic mange in cats is a skin disease caused by tiny mites known as Notoedres cati (also known as feline scabies). It causes extreme itching and scratching, thought to be the result of a severe allergic reaction to the mites.

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Why You Should Microchip Your Pet

You can think of a microchip as your pet’s form of identification. Microchipping your pet vastly increases the likelihood of reuniting with them when lost, as collars and ID tags are not foolproof. However, what many owners don’t know is that it’s equally important to make sure the microchip record is kept up to date with your current contact information.

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Flea Infestation in Dogs

Fleas are parasitic, wingless insects that feed off the blood of their hosts. There are approximately 2,200 types of fleas worldwide, but in North America there are only a few that commonly infect animals: Ctenocephalides felis (the cat flea) and Ctenocephalides canis (the dog flea). Oddly enough, the most common fleas found on dogs are cat fleas, which can cause not only itching and irritation but transmit infection as well.

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CBD for Pets: Everything You Need to Know

The use of cannabidiol, or CBD, is well researched in human medicine. The benefits and effectiveness for animals is not as widely known, but there are a variety of ways that CBD could potentially help your pet.

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Registering your Dog in New York City

Did you know that you must register your dog for a license if you live in New York City? Your dog’s license is a metal tag that you keep on their collar. It can help find your dog if they’re lost, and it has other legal benefits when living in NYC.

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Dehydration in Cats & Dogs

Dehydration is a serious concern for both us and our pets, particularly during the summer months. If your pet doesn’t take in enough water on a warm day, dehydration may come on quickly, so it’s important to know the signs, how to treat it and when to call the vet. Read on for all this, and tips on how to keep your pet well hydrated.

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Vaccine Schedules for Dogs & Puppies

Vaccinations, or shots, are one of the key components of preventative wellness care. They protect your dog from serious diseases by building their immunity. Administering vaccines and boosters at the right time over your dog’s lifetime is really important, as immunity fades over time. Check out our handy guide below to learn more about dog vaccines and schedules.

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Vaccine Schedules for Cats & Kittens

Vaccinations are a crucial tool to help keep your cat healthy. They help your cat build immunity to protect them against serious infectious diseases, and help to stop the spread of those diseases. As immunity fades over time, it’s really important to administer vaccine boosters to your cat throughout their life, at specific times. Read on to learn more about cat vaccines and schedules.

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How to Choose the Right Toys for Your Cat

Toys play an incredibly important role in stimulating your cat, helping to maintain their behavior and well being, as well as providing exercise. They’re particularly crucial for indoor cats, who may not enjoy as much stimulation as their outdoor counterparts. With hundreds of options available, it can be tricky to figure out what toys are best for your cat. Check out our tips below to keep your feline friend entertained and safe.

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Lupus in Dogs

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), commonly referred to as lupus, is a rare autoimmune disease in dogs. It causes the dog’s own immune system to attack multiple body tissues or organs.

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Preparing Your Pet for Fireworks

Summer and July 4th bring warm weather and fun celebrations, but they also bring stressful situations like fireworks. The loud noises and vibrations of fireworks can cause many pets to feel anxiety. It’s important to learn ways to help your pet through the stresses that come with fireworks.

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How to Choose the Right Toys for Your Dog

While some may consider toys a luxury, they actually play an important role in maintaining your dog’s well being, providing much needed mental stimulation and helping to regulate behavior. There are hundreds of different types of dog toys on the market and it can be difficult to know which toys are best for your dog. Read on for our top tips to entertain your dog safely.

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Exercise Needs for Puppies, Adults and Senior Dogs

Dogs need exercise to maintain happy and healthy lives, just like people do. Your dog’s exercise needs will vary depending on their age and breed. So, it’s important to tailor your pup’s exercise according to their stage of life.

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Bladder Stones in Cats

Bladder stones, scientifically known as cystoliths or cystic calculi, are a common condition for felines. These stones range in size from microscopic to several millimeters (or even larger!) in diameter, and can have mild to life-threatening side effects in cats. Bladder stones in cats are formed when minerals and other substances clump together, or aggregate. This can lead to mild or serious complications, including irritation of the bladder lining, urinary tract infection, and urethral obstruction. All cat owners, especially owners of male cats, need to understand the signs and risks associated with bladder stones to help reduce the risk of a life-threatening obstruction.

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How to Trim Your Dog’s Nails

Nail trimming is something that many dogs (and dog owners) dislike. And although it’s an experience they may never come to love, it’s important to help your dog learn to tolerate nail trimmings as early as possible, to keep their paws healthy and pain-free. Check out our tips below to learn how to trim your dog’s nails, and to help your dog accept the process with no anxiety.

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Vomiting in Dogs

As unpleasant and distressing as it might be, vomiting is not uncommon for dogs. There are numerous contributing factors that can lead to this uncomfortable yet important function. If a dog throws up once and is otherwise behaving normally, this generally isn’t cause for concern. However, vomiting can be a sign of a more serious health issue, particularly if other abnormalities – such as diarrhea, lethargy, or loss of appetite – are present. Additionally, young puppies that haven’t yet been fully vaccinated are at greater risk of contracting a serious disease or infection, so if your puppy is vomiting and you suspect a serious health issue could be the cause, contact your vet immediately.

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What To Do If Your Dog Won’t Eat

Dogs love to eat. Whether they’re making puppy-dog eyes at you from beneath the dinner table, or lunging for that pizza crust on the sidewalk, it often seems as though their main mission in life is getting food. So if your pup has suddenly lost their appetite, it’s bound to be a bit concerning.

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Kitten 101: Introducing a new cat into the home

A kitten or cat of any age needs time to adjust and adapt to a new home. This is especially true when you introduce a new cat or kitten to your existing pets. While cats tend to be more solitary creatures than our canine friends, they are often found in familial groups in the wild and do enjoy company. It’s important to be patient and consistent when introducing a new cat to your feline family.

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Kitten 101: Creating Positive Behaviors

Instilling good behaviors in your new kitten takes practice and patience. It’s important to be consistent and make sure they learn appropriate, positive behaviors to grow into a well-mannered adult cat. There are four key processes you can use to help your kitten learn these good practices: socialization, habituation, stimulation, and training.

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The Difference Between Food Allergies and Seasonal Allergies in Dogs

If your pup suffers from itching, hair loss, skin infections, or ear infections, she may have allergies. But does she have a food allergy, seasonal allergies, or both? The symptoms may be similar, but they require different treatments, so read on to learn more about how to identify and deal with canine allergies.

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Reverse Sneezing in Dogs

Ever seen a dog take rapid, long inhalations, stand still, and extend her head and neck, making a loud snorting, gagging or honking sound? Then you’ve seen a reverse sneeze. Also called a backward sneeze or inspiratory paroxysmal respiration, it’s a common respiratory event in dogs.

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Euthanasia and Quality of Life Assessment

Euthanasia can be a very difficult, emotional, and uncomfortable topic to think about. But when a pet is suffering from a painful or debilitating condition, it is one of the most loving and humane things we can do for them.

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Eye Inflammation (Blepharitis) in Dogs

Blepharitis refers to inflammation of the eyelids and the tissues in and around the eye. It can be a painful condition and, if not diagnosed and treated properly, can result in vision problems.

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Human Food That Makes Good Pet Treats

When you’re stuck indoors, sometimes you need to find creative ways to make the most of what you already have. First toilet paper disappeared off store shelves, and now pet food is becoming a hot commodity. If your dog or cat can’t get a fix of their go-to treats, here are some human foods you can safely substitute.

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Pet Supplies You Need For Self-Isolation

With empty shelves in the stores and panic buying rife, many people are thinking about stocking up in case they need to self-quarantine or are faced with a shelter-in-place order. And while there’s no need to go crazy, it’s not a bad idea to have some supplies on hand, and that includes stocking up for your pets. But what do you actually need to make sure your pets are safe and happy when it comes to a self-isolation period? Read on for our comprehensive guide.

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Common Household Pet Poisons

It can feel daunting to keep your furry friends happy and healthy with so many toxic things around – especially in the household. With so many of them right under your nose, use this list to pet-proof your home and learn what to do if your pet has ingested any poisonous products.

Medical

Hives in Dogs

Hives, scientifically known as urticaria, are small, localized swellings on a dog’s skin. All domestic animals can get hives. In dogs, hives most commonly occur on the face, legs, back, and flanks, but they can occur all over the body.

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Keeping Your Dog Entertained Indoors

Being stuck at home is disappointing for both you and your dog. We all know an active dog is a happy dog, but even if you can’t get out as much as you’d ideally like to over the next few weeks, there’s still plenty you can do at home to help keep your dog stimulated and entertained. Check out our tips below for how you can keep your dog entertained indoors.

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Bloat in Dogs (GDV)

Bloat, also known as gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), is a common yet life-threatening condition most often affecting large and giant breed dogs. Dilatation occurs when the stomach fills up with gas and/or fluids, while volvulus refers to a twisting or rotation of the stomach, which in turn prevents the normal release of its contents. Twisting of the stomach can also damage the stomach’s blood supply. GDV is a painful, potentially fatal condition that requires immediate medical and surgical attention.

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Playing With Your Kitten

Playing with your kitten is not only fun—it’s an important part of the bonding process between you and your new pet! Kittens need plenty of playtime and socialization to grow into happy, well-adjusted adult cats.

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Giardia in Dogs

Giardia is a type of protozoa (single-called micro-organism) that causes intestinal infection. The technical term for this infection is giardiasis. The disease, while rarely fatal, can cause discomfort for you and your dog. Giardia can be contagious to humans and other household pets. Knowing the symptoms and understanding the risks will help you get your dog back to health and prevent the spread of this unpleasant disease.

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Hypothyroidism in Cats

Hypothyroidism in cats occurs when a cat’s body is either unable to effectively synthesize thyroid hormones at all, or produces thyroid hormones in such a small quantity that they are unable to do their job.

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Neutering Cats: Everything You Need to Know

Veterinarians recommend neutering most male cats. Unless you plan to breed your cat responsibly and are prepared to keep him indoors, neutering will reduce the risk of unwanted behaviors, health problems, and feral cat populations.

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Can Dogs and Cats Get Coronavirus?

With the recent outbreak of coronavirus, it’s understandable to be concerned about the risks to yourself and your pets. Read on to find out everything you need to know about coronaviruses and COVID-19, whether your pets can catch it, and how to best protect yourself.

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Neutering Dogs: Everything You Need to Know

If you own a dog or plan to own one soon, you’ve probably thought about whether you should get him neutered. After all, what if you decide you want to breed him someday?

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FIV (Feline AIDS)

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), also commonly referred to as feline AIDS, can pose a serious health risk for cats. FIV may result in reduced immune function, which, as with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), can lead to a variety of other associated conditions. There is no cure for FIV.

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UTIs in dogs

Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the more common infections in dogs. Approximately 14% of the canine population will be afflicted by a UTI at some point. Although they often affect older canines (ages 7 and up), younger pups can also develop UTIs. All breeds are susceptible, with females being more prone than males. (Male dogs have a longer urethra, so it takes bacteria longer to travel upwards.)

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Spaying Dogs: Everything You Need to Know

Concerned about spaying your dog? Wondering what you need to do to prepare for your dog’s spaying? In this article, we’ll explore the benefits of spaying, as well as what you need to know before spaying your dog.

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Spaying Cats: Everything You Need to Know

Making the decision to spay your cat can bring up lots of questions. What are the advantages of spaying your cat? When is the best time to spay? How do you care for your cat once she’s been spayed? In this article, we’ll discuss what you need to know to make this decision, as well as what you can do to prepare for your cat’s spaying.

Medical

Pet Dental Health Myths

When it comes to our pets, an element that often causes confusion is dental health. There are many myths and and a lot of misinformation out there about how to keep your pet’s teeth healthy! This Pet Dental Health Month, we want to bust some of the most common misconceptions.

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Why Do I Need to Take My Indoor Cat to the Vet?

It’s a common misconception that indoor cats don’t need to go to the vet. While it’s true that contagious feline illnesses are often contracted via contact with animals in the outside world, there are nonetheless many reasons that regular vet visits are important for indoor cats, from the administration of legally required vaccines to catching issues before they become serious.

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How to Brush Your Dog’s Teeth

We brush our teeth twice a day to keep them clean and healthy, so it makes sense that we should also brush our dog’s teeth! Frequent brushing can help limit dental disease and bad breath, and improve your dog’s oral health. And when it comes to dogs, good oral hygiene isn’t just about keeping teeth healthy: it can also prevent serious health problems down the line. Check out our video to learn how to brush your pup’s teeth, and read on to find out more about canine dental health.

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Periodontal Disease in Dogs

Periodontal disease (periodontitis) is the most common dental issue in dogs. Caused by the accumulation of dental plaque and tartar on the teeth, which triggers inflammation, periodontal disease affects teeth and their surrounding structures (the gums and bone). Periodontitis can result in gum infections, bone loss, and, if left untreated over time, the loss of teeth and other serious health problems. Fortunately, periodontal disease is highly preventable.

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Preparing Your Pet for a Vet Visit

Not many people like going to the doctor, but at least we understand when and why it’s necessary. You can’t say the same for animals—which is why going to the vet can be at least as unpleasant for them as a doctor’s visit is for us. But read on for tips on how you can prepare your cat or dog for a vet visit, and make it as stress-free as possible. (For both of you!)

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Coccidia in Cats

Coccidia are one-celled organisms that cause a gastrointestinal infection known as coccidiosis. The microscopic parasites, which live inside the gastrointestinal tract, can cause gastrointestinal distress, but in some cases coccidiosis can be asymptomatic.

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Dog Skin Allergies: Atopic Dermatitis

Like humans, dogs are susceptible to developing allergies. Atopic dermatitis (or atopy) is an inflammatory, chronic skin condition associated with environmental allergies and is the second most common allergic skin condition diagnosed in dogs. If a dog has atopic dermatitis, the immune system reacts too strongly to common environmental allergens that are absorbed through the skin such as mold spores, dust mites, and grass. These irritants become absorbed more easily due to a dysfunction in the skin barrier, which decreases resistance to secondary infections.

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Coccidia in Dogs

Coccidia in dogs, also known as coccidiosis, is an intestinal disease caused by single-cell protozoa (a parasite) called coccidia. These organisms infect the intestinal tract of their host and can cause mild to moderate symptoms, such as diarrhea.

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Hypothyroidism in Dogs

Hypothyroidism (also referred to as underactive thyroid disease) is a common disorder in dogs. It occurs when the thyroid gland is not producing enough thyroid hormones, which disrupts the normal balance of chemical reactions in the body.

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Should I Spay or Neuter My Pet?

As a pet owner, you may have to make a decision about whether to spay or neuter your pet. There are naturally many considerations that go into making this decision, but the right answer ultimately depends on your pet and your goals.

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Hookworms in Cats

Hookworms are one of the more common intestinal parasites that cats may suffer from. They invade and live in the cat’s small intestine, disrupting its digestive system. If untreated, a hookworm infestation can be fatal, especially in kittens.

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Kennel Cough in Dogs

Kennel cough, also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis, is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract. While rarely lethal, it can cause complications in puppies and in dogs with compromised immune systems.

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Bladder Stones in Dogs

Bladder stones (otherwise known as cystic calculi) are a collection of minerals, ranging in size and composition, that can cause frequent urinary tract infections, pain, and obstruction of the urinary tract. However, sometimes dogs with bladder stones have no obvious clinical signs.

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Sarcoptic Mange in Dogs

Sarcoptic mange in dogs, sometimes called scabies, is an itchy disease caused by sarcoptes scabiei mites. While rarely dangerous, it can cause extreme discomfort, and the disease is contagious to both humans and other dogs.

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FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus)

Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) is one of the more common infectious diseases diagnosed in cats. Most people associate the word leukemia with cancer, because in humans it refers to a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. In felines, however, leukemia is a virus that can cause cancer. Since its discovery over 50 years ago, widespread testing and vaccination efforts have helped reduce its frequency.

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Seizures in Dogs

Seizures are neurological events ranging from mild to life threatening. While alarming to witness, it is vital that owners stay calm during a seizure and contact their veterinarian or local veterinary emergency hospital immediately.

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Giardia in Cats

Giardia is an intestinal parasite that can affect both animals and humans. These tiny organisms live in the small intestine and can cause serious illness in infected cats. Infection among cats and dogs is common, with a widespread rate of 5–15%.

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Pancreatitis in Cats

Pancreatitis is a relatively common but dangerous gastrointestinal disorder in cats. It occurs when the pancreas becomes inflamed, and pancreatic enzymes become overactive and injure surrounding tissues. Symptoms may appear suddenly, and acute pancreatitis requires rapid veterinary attention.

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Dog Flu (Canine Influenza)

Dog flu, or the canine influenza virus (CIV), is a highly contagious viral infection that can strike at any time. It is an infectious respiratory disease caused by an influenza A virus, similar to the viral strains that cause human influenza. For dogs, there is no specific “flu season”; infection can occur any time of the year.

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Tapeworms in Cats

Tapeworms are intestinal parasites that can affect both outdoor and indoor cats. Cats can get several types of tapeworms, but the most commonly diagnosed tapeworms in cats in the United States are dipylidium caninum and taenia taeniaeformis.

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Roundworms in Dogs

Roundworms are common canine parasites that can significantly impact puppy health as well as posing potential risks for humans. The most common type of roundworm in dogs is Toxocara canis, although dogs do occasionally pick up other species of roundworms.

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Rabies in Dogs

Rabies is one of the deadliest diseases affecting animals, and dogs are no exception. The disease is caused by a virus secreted in saliva that attacks the nervous system, leading to death. Most cases of rabies in animals, and even humans, are a result of a bite from an infected animal. In some rare instances, the rabies virus is transmitted when the saliva from the infected animal comes into contact with an open cut on the skin or the eyes, nose, or mouth, of an animal. As there is no cure for rabies, keeping up with regular vaccinations is essential.

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Ear Infections in Dogs

Ear infections in dogs are common, especially among certain breeds. Although an ear infection is not a veterinary emergency, it does require medical treatment to resolve and can be painful for your pet.

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Lyme Disease in Cats

Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi, transmitted through tick bites. It afflicts dogs much more frequently than cats; cats thankfully rarely become infected or need to be treated like an infected human or dog would. Nonetheless, it’s important to be aware of the signs and know how to protect your other pets and family from Lyme disease.

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Does My Dog Need a Coat in Winter?

When it’s freezing cold in the middle of winter, almost all people would prefer to don a nice warm coat. But when it comes to coats for dogs, it’s really a case-by-case basis.

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Does My Dog Need to Wear Boots?

You may have seen little booties on dogs when it’s wet or cold out. They look funny and cute, but are they necessary? Find out more about when dog boots might be a good idea.

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Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) in Dogs

Conjunctivitis, sometimes informally referred to as “pink eye,” is an irritation or inflammation of the conjunctiva, the soft tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and the white portion of the eye. Just like people, dogs can develop conjunctivitis at any stage of their lives. Conjunctivitis can occur in both eyes or just one eye. If the cause of conjunctivitis is infectious, it may start in one eye and spread to the other.

Medical

Cat Panting or Breathing Heavily (Dyspnea)

Cats can pant to regulate their body temperature, just like dogs do, although they do so much less frequently. Cats will also sometimes pant if they are undergoing a particularly stressful event, such as a car or subway ride. However, excessive panting, rapid breathing (tachypnea), or difficulty breathing (dyspnea) can also be a sign of a severe condition.

Medical

Rabies in Cats

Rabies, a viral disease, dates back thousands of years. It is a lethal and highly transmissible viral infection of the nervous system that can infect many types of warm-blooded animals, including cats, dogs, and humans. In fact, over 30,000 people worldwide still die of rabies every year.

Medical

Hyperthyroidism in Dogs

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid glands produce an excess of thyroid hormones, causing a constant state of metabolic hyperactivity. In essence, the thyroid glands are working overtime.

Medical

Puppy 101: Why and How We Vaccinate

“Is your dog up to date on his shots?” Whenever you need to take your pup to the groomers, an obedience school, or a kennel, that’s a question you’re likely to hear. That’s because vaccinations are an extremely important part of keeping your dog healthy. But how do vaccinations work, why are they necessary, and how are they administered? Read on for answers to these questions and more.

Medical

Puppy 101: Developing a Positive Vet Experience

Do you enjoy going to the doctor’s office, or hanging out in hospitals? If not, perhaps you can understand why your dog’s favorite place probably isn’t the vet. Let’s face it: vet practices can be stressful places for pets (and their owners). But the good news is that acclimating your puppy to different sounds, smells, people, and animals from an early age can help them create positive behavior traits. And that translates to easier, more positive vet trips for you, your dog, and your vet.

Medical

Glaucoma in Dogs

Glaucoma is a condition that causes a build-up of fluid and pressure in the eye. If too much fluid (called aqueous humor fluid) is made or too little fluid is drained, the pressure of the eye increases and causes damage to the retina and the optic nerve, which ultimately leads to blindness. Forty percent of dogs affected with glaucoma end up blind in the affected eye within the first year, regardless of medical treatment or surgery.

Medical

Halloween Horrors for Your Pet

Halloween is just around the corner! And for most pet owners, the scariest thing that could happen is having a very sick pet on their hands. Because Halloween goodies frequently contain ingredients that are toxic to pets, you should educate yourself about the potential dangers this spooky season can hold, as well as the steps to take in case of accidental ingestion. So let’s dive in!

Medical

UTIs in Cats

Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a fairly common condition among cats. While UTIs are usually relatively easy to diagnose and cure, they can develop into a more serious condition if left untreated. Urinary tract infections can occur in both young and old cats. However, they tend to be much more common in females than in males.

Medical

Pancreatitis in Dogs

Pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas, is a common and potentially dangerous gastrointestinal condition in dogs. The condition may come in either an acute or chronic form, but both types can have lasting consequences.

Medical

What to Do If Your Dog Has a Hot Spot

Is your dog suffering from hot spots? If he can’t stop licking, biting, or scratching an itchy red sore, your pup may indeed have a hot spot, also known as moist dermatitis or “summer sores.” Read on to learn what hot spots are, how to identify them, and most importantly, how to treat them.

Medical

Ear Mites in Cats

Ear mites (otodectes cynotis mites) in cats are common. They are parasites that cause a condition known as otodectic mange. While not life-threatening, ear mites are contagious to other animals and can cause severe irritation to your feline companion.

Medical

Lyme Disease in Dogs

Lyme disease, the most common tick-transmitted disease in the world, can affect dogs, most domesticated animals, and humans. The disease is caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, which spreads through the bite of several species of ticks.

Medical

Cherry Eye in Dogs

Cherry eye in dogs, known scientifically as a prolapse of the third eyelid gland, is a treatable condition that occurs most commonly in young dogs. Read on to learn about the symptoms and causes of cherry eye and what you can do to help manage this common ophthalmic condition.

Medical

Kidney Failure in Dogs

The kidney is a vital organ that regulates blood pressure, blood volume, blood sugar, pH levels, and water composition in the blood. Kidney disease, also referred to as chronic renal failure (CRF), occurs when the kidneys are no longer functioning correctly.

Medical

Congestive Heart Failure in Dogs

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is fairly common in dogs. Approximately 10% of all dogs, and 75% of senior dogs, have some form of heart disease. CHF itself is not a disease: it is a condition that is a result of heart disease. More specifically, CHF occurs when the heart is unable to pump an adequate amount of blood to the body, thus causing an increase in pressure and fluid that eventually leaks into the lungs and, less frequently, other major organs.

Medical

Seizures in Cats

Seizures are characterized by sudden surges of uncontrollable muscle activity, often described as fits or convulsions. They can last for as little as a few seconds or up to a few minutes, with some even lasting for hours. They’re caused by a temporary disturbance of the brain’s normal functions.

Medical

Is flea & tick preventative needed all year?

For a lot of people—and their pets!—summer means spending time outdoors. That also means flea and tick preventatives are especially important in the warmer months to keep your pets free of bites and infestations. But what about the rest of the year, when these pests seem to decrease in numbers: is it still important to apply preventatives?

Medical

Why Do Dogs Eat Grass?

Have you ever wondered why your dog eats grass? Many people think it happens when a dog’s stomach is upset. Unfortunately, no one knows for sure why dogs sometimes chow down on grass! But read on to learn more about theories, potential risks and dangers, and how to deal with your pup’s tummy troubles.

Medical

Why Do Dogs Pant?

Dogs tend to pant in hot environments or when exercising vigorously. Why? To cool down. It’s as simple as that! While people are able to sweat when they’re hot, canine physiology doesn’t allow skin to sweat under fur.

Medical

Should Dogs and Cats Take Heartworm Preventatives

Heartworm disease is a serious, progressive and potentially fatal infection in pets, with few early signs of infection. For dogs, prevention is far superior to heartworm treatment – and for cats, there is no treatment for heartworm. Preventing your pet from becoming infected is better for their health, less expensive, and much less time-consuming than treating heartworm itself.

Medical

Cushing’s Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism) in Dogs

Hyperadrenocorticism, commonly known as Cushing’s disease, is an endocrine (hormonal) disorder that is most common in middle- to older-aged dogs. Cushing’s disease is a serious medical condition. It is caused by excess cortisol levels, which can affect multiple organ systems and lead to potentially dangerous complications.

Medical

Parvo in Dogs

Parvo in dogs is a highly contagious and potentially deadly virus that can be completely prevented with vaccination. The canine parvovirus primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract of infected animals, causing severe and sometimes fatal symptoms.

Medical

Distemper in Dogs

Distemper in dogs is a highly contagious and sometimes fatal viral disease, but it is preventable. Knowing the symptoms, treatment options, and preventative measures of distemper will help you keep your canine companion healthy and reduce the spread of the virus.

Medical

Diabetes in Dogs

Diabetes in dogs is an endocrine (hormonal) disorder that primarily affects middle-aged and older dogs. As in humans, insulin deficiency leads to diabetes mellitus in dogs. Understanding how diabetes may affect your dog, as well as the symptoms and treatment options will help prepare you for managing your dog’s condition.

Medical

Ear Mites in Dogs

Ear mites, scientifically known as otodectes cynotis, are mites of dogs and cats that can infest the outer ear and cause inflammation of the ear canal. Infestations can be mild, but in some cases, it can lead to infection and even ruptured eardrums if left untreated.

Medical

Diabetes in Cats

Diabetes mellitus in cats is a relatively common endocrine (hormonal) condition, especially as cats age, but it is treatable. To help you better understand your cat’s condition, we will examine the symptoms, causes, and management of diabetes in cats, as well as what you can do to help prevent your cat from developing this serious condition.

Medical

Addison's Disease in Dogs

Hypoadrenocorticism, also known as Addison’s disease, is an endocrine (hormonal) disorder that occurs most commonly in young to middle-aged female dogs, although male dogs can also develop Addison’s disease. As a potentially life-threatening condition, understanding the symptoms and the risks, especially in dogs predisposed to developing it, can make the difference between a good prognosis and a poor prognosis.

Medical

Cataracts in Dogs

A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye that creates a grayish blue or white discoloration, which can lead to blurry vision. As the disease progresses, the eye’s natural transparency becomes more opaque, which can ultimately result in blindness. However, not all dogs with cataracts will follow such a progression.

Medical

Yeast Infections in Dogs

Itchy, irritated skin with a distinct odor can be an indication of a yeast infection, a common skin concern for dogs. Yeasts are budding, spore-like forms of fungi that typically live on the body without causing illness. But problems begin to arise when an overabundance of the fungus is found on the dog’s body. A dog will typically develop a yeast infection on the skin or in the ears. Regardless of location, a yeast infection can cause extreme discomfort, and it could be an indication of a more serious issue.

Medical

Heart Murmur in Dogs

A dog’s heart functions in the same way as their human owner’s heart — they too can experience similar heart problems and conditions. A veterinarian can detect a heart murmur during routine checkups, and most owners are usually unaware their dog has one.

Medical

Mast Cell Tumors (Mastocytomas) in Dogs

Mast cell tumors (MCT) occur when the mast cells (located primarily in the skin, respiratory, and digestive tract) replicate in higher than normal numbers. While some may be benign, MCTs are the most common malignant skin tumors found in dogs and account for 16-21% of all skin tumors in canines. The treatment and prognosis depends on the grade and stage of the tumor.

Medical

Hyperthyroidism in Cats

Hyperthyroidism is an endocrine (hormonal) disorder that occurs most commonly in older cats. Cats with hyperthyroidism produce excessive amounts of thyroid hormones, which affects their metabolic rate and can cause potentially dangerous side effects.

Medical

Hookworms in Dogs

Hookworms are a type of intestinal parasite that attaches to the intestinal walls of infected animals. Hookworms pose particular dangers to puppies, as infections can lead to fatal complications. The most common species of hookworm in dogs is Ancylostoma caninum. Researchers estimate that a dog can lose up to 0.1mL of blood from a single hookworm, and that blood loss can eventually lead to potentially fatal cases of anemia in puppies. Knowing the signs of hookworms will help you identify a possible infection before lasting damage occurs.

Medical

Roundworms in Cats

Roundworms in cats are common intestinal parasites. While nobody likes thinking about parasites infesting their pets, knowing the symptoms and treatment options is vital for conscientious cat owners and can help you catch a parasite infection before it gets out of hand.

Medical

Tapeworms in Dogs

Tapeworms in dogs are common intestinal parasites. While they usually don’t cause severe problems for healthy adult dogs, they can be dangerous for puppies. Recognizing the signs of parasites like tapeworms will help you catch potential infections before they get out of control.

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